Do You Know Where Iceland is Situated in the World?
In between the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, Iceland can be discovered. It’s one of five Nordic countries located in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic. Other Nordic countries are Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Norway. Inside longitudes 25° and 13° west and latitudes 63° and 67° north is the exact physical location of Iceland. Iceland has 325,671 citizens inhabiting 103,000km square of overall area. Reykjavik is the capital city of Iceland and is the largest city in the country.
There are countless lava deserts and almost 50% of Iceland is volcanic. There are over thirty active volcanoes in Iceland and hundreds more have been uncovered. From the year 1783 to 1784, a considerable amount of volcanic activity came about, causing a famine due to which a large number of the population of Iceland were negatively impacted. Almost 25 percent of the population of Iceland perished as a result of that crisis. Even if Iceland has many volcanoes active, typically, just one volcano eruption takes place every 5 years. The state of Kentucky is only very slightly larger than Iceland. The total area of coastline in Iceland is around 4,988 km. Many tiny islands in the country can be found on the south coast with the largest ones, Vestmannaeyjar and Westman islands. Located on the southwest coast, the capital of Iceland is named Reykjavík.
Almost eleven percent of the country is covered with three enormous glaciers along with several small ones. Only 1 percent of the gigantic country is cultivated. Fishing used to be a hugely important part of life in Iceland, for the above listed reasons. Iceland is mainly covered with mountains, glaciers and lava fields. Even though the latitude of Iceland is quite high, it follows a moderate climate outside of the the Arctic Circle.
Whereabouts is Iceland situated?
Iceland is included in the continent of Europe due to political, historical, cultural and practical reasons. Being nearer to Europe than to North America is undoubtedly one of the biggest reasons for the inclusion. With 30 small islands, Iceland is the 18th biggest island on earth. As compared to the north coast, the south is warmer and windy. In Iceland, the location with the coldest conditions is the Central Highlands. In the north, the flat country areas are the arid ones. There is far less snow in the south than in the north during winter. Iceland bears assorted weather conditions in various parts of the island. In the coast, Iceland has a sub-polar oceanic climate. Iceland has higher temperatures than the countries on the globe with equal altitudes. While Iceland is nearer the Arctic, the coast of the island continues to be ice free all through the winter these days.
Iceland is broken down into 8 areas based on their distinctive geographic attributes. They are named West, Capital Region, Northwest, Westfjords, Southern Peninsula, Northeast, South and East.
Reykjavík is the capital of Iceland, it is the planet’s most northerly capital city and Europe’s most westerly capital city which can be discovered in southwest Iceland and runs across a peninsula. As the capital of Iceland, Reykjavik is the main location for all the main attractions of the country.
South Iceland is an area of naturally occurring marvels including volcanoes, geysers, glaciers and waterfalls; it is surrounded by the capital city, Reykjavik in the west side. When it comes to the population in the country, South Iceland is pretty diverse. Some places are very populated whereas others are quite empty. On the east, there are massive outwash and alluvial plains along with lava fields and lowlands. There is less agriculture in this area. Dissimilar to this, the western part has entirely opposite properties and it offers the finest agricultural land in Iceland. This spot has beautiful sights. The southern central Highlands feature huge glaciers, active volcanoes and tremendous mountain ranges.
Iceland’s south coast contains the striking Westman Islands. This area consists of about 15 islands. This spot is considered bird watcher’s paradise and it contains the environment for puffins as one example. On approximation, around 20 percent of the world´s total number of puffins are residing in this spot. Glaciers can be observed in the eastern area of west Iceland.
East Iceland is rather a lot less lived on and is regarded as the third biggest lowland spot of Iceland with many irrigational areas and farms. This place is contrasting and rather stunning and it features a large amount of peaks along the eastern coast.
Westfjords is the most separated region in Iceland and it’s said to be one of the world’s biggest bird cliffs and the largest razorbill settlement. Westfjords is an area that has a lot of mountains with a very long coastline and about half of the shoreline is enveloped with extreme glaciations. The conditions near the shoreline change frequently.
North Iceland is an attractive region containing countless mountain ranges, craters, landscapes, waterfalls, hot springs and glacial rivers.
There are numerous spots in the Icelandic Highlands which are pretty much uninhabited. Some isolated valleys in this location bear green oases. There are additionally numerous geothermal springs to be found in this spot. Bouldery deserts, huge glaciers, volcanoes and lakes are the main qualities of this area.